Orientations to prevent Ebola Virus Disease ( SSM )


2014-07-30 22:27

Source: Macau Health Bureau

(GGCT translation)

*This translation serves only for reference purposes. For the official content please refer to the portuguese and chinese versions.

Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a serious acute viral disease with an incubation period of 2-21 days, with such symptoms as fever, myalgia, emesis, diarrhea, rash or bleeding, and a mortality rate of up to 90%. EVD can spread through direct contact with blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals or persons and indirect contact with the environment polluted by such bodily fluids.

At present, West African countries such as Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone are at the height of the epidemic outbreak.   The SSM advises citizens who are planning a trip to such countries to pay attention to the followings:

They should evaluate the situation carefully and be well-prepared before setting off; they should cancel or postpone trips to these countries that are not absolutely necessary.

When staying in affected areas, travelers should observe good personal and environmental hygiene, and wash their hands frequently by following right steps;

Avoid contact with animals or dead animals;

Cook food thoroughly before consumption, peel and wash vegetables and fruits before eating;

Avoid visiting hospitals or families with infected persons unless necessary;

Avoid contact with suspected patients and their blood or bodily fluids, including items which may have come in contact with an infected person's blood or bodily fluids; wash hands immediately in case of contact with the blood or bodily fluids of patients and consult doctors if necessary. 

If citizens, who have set foot in regions affected by EVD, detect any symptom of fever, diarrhea, emesis, rash or bleeding within 21 days after returning to Macau, they should go to see a doctor as soon as possible and tell the doctor their  latest travel history. Please visit www.ssm.gov.mo for detailed data about EVD or call the SSM's hot line 28700800 for inquiry.

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